Warning Message: In daisy binary variables are treated as interval scaled

Hi, I`m making a multivariate cluster analysis with daisy function. When I rut it, it appears me a warning message saying binary variables are being treated as interval scaled variables, even though I specify their nature within the programming. Can somebody help me? (it is very important each variable is treated as I specified). Just for clarify, my data is composed of 38 observations with 24 variables each one, given by this order: binary symmetric, binary asymmetric, ordinal, nominal, and numeric.

I would really appreciate if somebody could help me :relaxed: :blush:

Here is my code:

install.packages(c("cluster", "factoextra", "backports"))
library(c("cluster", "factoextra", "backports"))
data <-read.csv(file="EncuestaR1.csv", header =TRUE, sep=";", dec = ",", row.names 
           = 1 )
d <- daisy(data, metric = "gower", type =list(ordered= 
       c(9,10,11,12,13),asymm=c(5,6,7,8),     symm=c(1,2,3,4), factor=c(14,15,16,17,18), 

The documentation states:

Columns of mode numeric (i.e. all columns when x is a matrix) will be recognized as interval scaled variables, columns of class factor will be recognized as nominal variables, and columns of class ordered will be recognized as ordinal variables.

Here is an example of that. I think this will override concerns such as the type list

agriculture$binary <- sample.int(n=2,size=nrow(agriculture),replace=TRUE) -1 

(d.agr <- daisy(agriculture, metric = "euclidean", stand = FALSE))

agriculture$binary <- factor(agriculture$binary)

(d.agr2 <- daisy(agriculture, metric = "euclidean", stand = FALSE))

Appreciate that its your first time on the forum, so I'd like to help you with future success of engaging here to please note that my example code is a reprex (reproducible exampe), which is easy for you to run, and play with.

It's recommended that you create your own reprexes when you post about your issues as it will improve your chance of getting support. A guide on it is available here : FAQ: How to do a minimal reproducible example ( reprex ) for beginners

Hi, yes, I`m still learning how to make a reprex. I used your example in mine, and my results are still incongruous. (For make it easier I changed the name of my data to "agriculture")

If you want to, I can upload my data, but please help me, thanks


agriculture <-read.csv(file="EncuestaR1.csv", header =TRUE, sep=";", dec = ",", row.names =1 )

agriculture$binary <- sample.int(n=c(2), size=nrow(agriculture),replace=TRUE) -1 

(d.agr <- daisy(agriculture, metric = "gower", type =list(symm=c(1,2,3,4),asymm=c(5,6,7,8)), stand = FALSE))

agriculture$binary <- factor(agriculture$binary)

f<-(d.agr4 <- daisy(agriculture, metric = "gower", type =list(symm=c(1,2,3,4), asymm=c(5,6,7,8)), stand = FALSE))


All you've done is add an extra variable to your existing problematic data.
Which column is it that is binary in EncuestaR1?

Binary symmetric variables are: 1,2,3,4 and binary assymetric are 5,6,7,8

To me that implies they should all be factors

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