Topic Related to strings

In my CSV file have got a column containing the € symbol
For example €750K,€780K ...........

What encoding should I specify in the read.csv file?

When deploying the shiny app it shows me an error-invalid multibyte string


When there are special characters in text this is usually saved as UTF-8. The easiest way to read in these csv files is to use the readr function read_csv(). This one detects UTF-8 and loads the data in properly. Alternatively, you can specify the encoding in the base function like so: read.csv("mydata.csv", encoding = "UTF-8")

Hope this helps,

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