Sorting By Date -- New To R

Hi, and welcome.

Questions benefit greatly from a reproducible example, called a reprex. In this case it would resolve an ambiguity of whether your date columns were character strings, like "2020-01-18" or class.

The lubridate package has functions to discard DD to get a year/month.

The dplyr package allows you to replace the contents of the first column with those of the second. Here, again, an assumption is needed without a reprex--that the empty data for column 1 is represented by NA

The syntax to do this would be

my_data %<>% mutate(Date1 <- ifelse(,Date2,Date1)

(there's also a sort function, called arrange

but you'll want to look at the R for Data Science chapters on this, first.