RStudio Git symbols?

Hi there: I am confused about what the symbols in the git pane mean. Sometimes I see an M, an A, a question mark. I basically get what is going on: M is for a modified file, but I don't really know what the other symbols mean. And do I need to check a file under the"Staged" column in order to commit it?
I'd appreciate some documentation on this. Thank you.

There is a good introduction to Git and RStudio with explanation on those icons there:

There is also this webinar:

And yes you need to stage before commit because this is how git works. At command line : git add then git commit, in the IDE: click in the staged column, then commit the selected changes.

This is also a great resource for Rusers:

Hope it helps

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